Ecuadorian Amazon: The Best Biodiversity Reserves

The Ecuadorian Amazon or Eastern Ecuador is one of the regions of Ecuador characterized by abundant biodiversity. In addition, that the Amazon is considered the lungs of the world. This region offers an unforgettable experience through its culture, traditions, landscapes, and its special connection with nature.

In this region there are protected areas whose main function is to conserve the natural and cultural biodiversity of the place. Below we leave you information about the best reservations you can visit in this region.

 Cuyabeno Fauna Production Reserve-Amazon

It is in the province of Sucumbíos in the Amazon region of Ecuador. The reserve is named after the Cuyabeno River, which forms a complex of 14 lagoons and the largest wetland. It belongs to the National System of Protected Areas characterized by having a great biodiversity of both flora and fauna. Due to its large number of rivers, lagoons, and wetlands.

 Climate in the Cuyabeno Reserve-Amazon

The temperature varies around 25 ° C (77 ° F) forming a warm – humid climate. From December to March it has a dry season. While from April to July there is abundant rain and from August to November the rain is moderate.

 What species exist in Cuyabeno?

The flooded forests are home to wildlife such as manatees, caimans, anacondas, river turtles, otters and a variety of fish and birds. It is also home to the mythical pink dolphin that can be seen in the rivers that cross the reserve.

Cuyabeno has approximately 60 species of orchids and more than 12,000 species of plants. Including the water guarango, one of the reserve’s most unique trees for its resistance. This species can be found on the banks of rivers and lagoons. Allowing to have a magical, mysterious, and unique environment that attracts thousands of visitors every year.

 What ethnic groups live in the Cuyabeno Reserve?

The reserve is considered one of the protected areas with the greatest cultural diversity in the Ecuadorian Amazon. In its territory there has been a human presence for many years. Currently, in this place communities of indigenous Siona, Secoya, Cofán, Kichwa and Shuar inhabit.

What can be known in Cuyabeno?

 Cuyabeno offers natural tourist attractions which you can enjoy as a family. Appreciating in depth the beauty of the landscapes offered by the Ecuadorian Amazon. The places you can visit are:

 Big Lagoon Amazon

It is the most visited of the reserve to access it you must navigate the river Cuyabeno. The Laguna Grande, as its name indicates, is the largest of the 14 lagoons that exist in the sector. Through the channels formed around it, different species can be observed. Among which are: alligators and dolphins; during rainy seasons, the lagoon allows tourists to make bird watching.

Lagartococha River Amazon

The Lagartococha river marks the border with Peru and the limit of the reserve. You can navigate through the small channels enjoying the unforgettable experience of observing the landscapes offered by the flooded jungle. You will also be able to contemplate a great variety of wildlife, especially birds and monkeys.

 Indigenous communities-Amazon

Around the Siona indigenous communities of Puerto Bolívar, on the banks of the Cuyabeno River, and the Cofán de Sábalo community, on the banks of the Aguarico River. You can tour the tropical forest, take canoe trips along the rivers and buy local handicrafts. Made with seeds and other forest products. You can also enjoy traditional dances and taste the drinks and typical dishes of the communities.

 What activities can be done in the Cuyabeno reserve?

There are tour operators that offer excursions in the jungle in the company of specialized naturalist guides.
 
On the banks of rivers and lagoons there are certain areas where tourists are allowed to swim safely.
 
Many communities and tour operators offer canoe trips on the Cuyabeno River where species observation and bird watching can be done.
 
 In the Cuyabeno River you can do experiential piranha fishing under the supervision of a certified tour operator.

Yasuni National Park-Amazon

Yasuni is the largest protected area on the continental Equator. It preserves an impressive biodiversity of both flora and fauna, being considered the heart of the Amazon rainforest. It also protects part of the territory from Waorani nationality. Yasuni National Park, the Intangible Zone and the adjacent Waorani territory were declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1989.

The climate in the Yasuní National Park  It has a rainy climate with warm temperatures between 24 ° C (75 ° F) to 27 ° C (80 ° F) being constant during all months.
 
Rainfall is high throughout the year.

What species exist in Yasuní?

Yasuní Park has a great biodiversity of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish. The animals that you can find are jaguars, anacondas, harpy eagle, tapirs, anteaters, among others. You can also find a variety of large monkeys such as howlers, chorongos, and small monkeys such as the spider monkey and the pocket monkey.
 
 Here there are also more than 2000 species of trees, among them are the ceibos, cinnamon, cacaos de monte, among others.

 What ethnic groups live in Yasuní?

The entire protected area is home to hunter-gatherer villages related to Waorani culture and language. The Tagaeri and Taromenane, Indigenous Peoples in Voluntary Isolation, inhabit the park. To protect them and the biodiversity of the Yasuni, the Tagaeri-Taromenane Intangible Zone was created in 1999.

There are also Shuar and Kichwa villages that are not isolated, which coexist and share their culture with visitors.

 What can you know in Yasuní?

The lagoon and the community of Añangu

The lagoon has black and calm waters, which makes it look like a mirror. In this lagoon there are several species such as alligators and otters that can be observed on canoe trips.
 
 The Kichwa community of Añangu is located on the banks of the Napo River. This community carries out responsible ecotourism activity as a good alternative for local development. It offers visitors the possibility of canoeing through the lagoon. Visiting the Kuri Muyo Interpretation Center and hiking through the tropical forest in the company of a local guide.

 The mainland forest-Amazon

It is characterized by its lush vegetation that covers a large layer of fertile soil. The mainland forest covers most of the Yasuní National Park. Can be explored in the communities settled on the banks of the Napo River, such as Añangu, Nueva Providencia, Indillana, Llanchana or Mandaripanga.

Tambococha and Jatuncocha lagoon

These two lagoons are located within the park and are accessed from Nuevo Rocafuerte.

 In these lagoons you can find alligators, charapa turtles, pink dolphins, gray dolphins, manatees, among others.

 New Providence

In this Kichwa community on the south bank of the Napo River we find the Yaku Kawsay Interpretation Center specialized in aquatic animals. Members of the community allow visitors who want to know more about the animals that inhabit the region. From there a path that runs through the tropical forest starts.

 What activities can be done in Yasuní?

In Yasuní Park, only excursions in the jungle, canoe trips and photography are allowed because it is a protected area of great care.

Recommendations for visiting the reserves Amazon

 Wear light clothing and rubber boots to hike on the trails in the area.

Take into account that the entrance to the reserves should only be done with tour operators authorized by the reserves and that have certified naturalist guides.

Take into account the season in which you are going to visit the Amazon.

If you consume any medication on a regular basis, try to bring the necessary ones for the trip as it will be difficult to get them in the interior of the jungle.

You can take antihistamines and analgesics for headaches or discomfort due to itching of a bug.

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